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Eco-friendly gardening: How to create a sustainable green environment

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Urejanje okolju prijaznega vrta: Kako ustvariti trajnostno zeleno okolje

Creating an eco-friendly garden is not only good for the planet, but also has many benefits for your health and well-being. A sustainably landscaped garden reduces resource consumption, promotes biodiversity and creates a more beautiful, healthier space for you and your family.

Use of natural and recycled materials

When arranging an environmentally friendly garden, it is important to use natural and recycled materials. Instead of plastic products, opt for materials such as wood, stone and clay, which are more sustainable and have a lower impact on the environment.

Use recycled materials to make garden paths, fences and other structures. For example, bricks from old buildings or wooden boards from pallets are great for creating sustainable garden elements.

Use homemade compost to improve soil quality and reduce the need for chemical fertilizers. Composting organic waste such as kitchen scraps and garden clippings is an easy way to create nutrient-rich soil for your garden.

A selection of indigenous plants

Native plants are adapted to local climatic conditions and require less water, fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, they support local biodiversity by providing food and shelter for local animals and insects.

Choose plants that are native to your area. These plants are better adapted to local conditions and will thrive better without the need for intensive care.

Plant flowers that attract pollinators such as bees, butterflies and birds. These plants contribute to a healthy ecosystem and improve the production of fruits and vegetables in your garden.

Efficient use of water

Water is a precious resource, so it is important to use it efficiently and sustainably. There are various ways to reduce water consumption and improve irrigation efficiency.

Install tanks to collect rainwater that can be used to water the garden. This not only reduces potable water consumption, but also helps in stormwater management.

Use a drip irrigation system that delivers water directly to the plant roots. This reduces water loss due to evaporation and increases watering efficiency.

Covering the soil with organic materials such as straw, leaves or wood chips helps retain moisture in the soil, reduces the need for watering and prevents weed growth.

Reducing the use of chemicals

The use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers can harm the environment, human health and biodiversity. Reducing the use of these chemicals and using natural alternatives is key to creating a sustainable garden.

Use organic fertilizers such as compost, manure or plant leachates. These fertilizers improve soil structure and provide nutrients without harmful side effects.

Use natural pest control methods such as beneficial insects (eg ladybugs), manual pest removal and pest repellent plants (eg marigold or lavender).

Practice crop rotation to prevent soil depletion and reduce the risk of disease and pests. Crop rotation improves soil health and contributes to better yields.

Creating an eco-friendly garden requires thoughtful planning and choosing sustainable practices. By using natural and recycled materials, choosing native plants, using water efficiently, reducing the use of chemicals and creating habitats for wildlife, you can create a sustainable green environment. Such a garden not only improves the appearance of your outdoor space, but also contributes to preserving nature and improving the quality of life.

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